Architecture Timeline
A guide through the periods of world architecture

3,050 BC to 332 BC

Ancient Egyptian

Simple stone and brick dwellings upto impressive pyramids

500 BC to 320 BC

Classical Greek

Geometric arrangements of columns and beams, often decorated with elaborate forms.

527 to 565 AD

Byzantine

Constantinople based eclectic architecture, with domes often as the centrepiece.

200 to 300 AD

Roman

Following Classical Greek and now including domes, arches, mosaics and concrete.

550 to 1150 AD

Romanesque

Revival of Mediterranean architecture by the Holy Roman Empire. Characterized by round arches, narrow openings and load-bearing walls.

632 to present

Islamic

Architecture that followed the rise of Islam in Arabia. It spread from southern Spain to North Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

1100 to 1450 AD

Gothic

Buildings of great height, recognised by their pointed arches, ribbed vaults and flying buttresses.

1300 to 1600 AD

Renaissance

A wide-reaching rebirth of the arts, from architecture to sculpture and painting. Buildings contained geometric shapes, arches, domes and columns.

1300 to 1900 AD

Revivalism

Architecture inspired by previous styles, most notably Roman, Classical Greek, Gothic and Palladianism.

1600 to 1830 AD

Baroque

Extravagant architecture that developed Classicism into a more creative and experimental style. It used ellipses, curves and complex geometries.

1600 to 1830 AD

Orientalism

Exotic styles from Eastern cultures used in European architecture, from ornate features to towering minarets.

1650 to 1790 AD

Rococo

Fanciful and highly ornamental European style that formed part of the baroque movement.

1730 to 1925 AD

Neoclassicism

European architecture that found inspiration from classical styles of antiquity.

1740 to 1930 AD

Neo-Gothic

Revival of gothic styles of windows and decoration whilst using modern materials and planning.

1850 to 1950 AD

Arts & Crafts

Local traditions at the fore. Artistic style of building with pitched roofs, decorative brickwork, unusual chimneys, windows and materials.

1890 to 1914 AD

Art Nouveau

A decorative style that is vibrant, colorful, playful and floral. It can be seen primarily in doors, windows and other ornamental parts of a building.

1895 to 1925 AD

Beaux Arts

French academic style influenced by French neoclassicism, Gothic, and the Renaissance. Often used modern materials like iron and glass.

1900 to 2000 AD

Avante Garde

Innovative and experimental architectural ideas, giving rise to modernism, futurism and other movements.

1900 to Present

Organic

Architecture in tune with the environment. Local hand-crafted materials with nature-inspired metal and concrete.

1925 to 1940 AD

International Style

Buildings that follow a functional and rational design. They emphasize the volume of a space rather than the mass and omit more obvious signatures of beauty like symmetry and ornaments.

1925 to 1937 AD

Art Deco

Wide ranging style of design and architecture, known by geometric and symmetric shapes, as well as clean lines and streamlined looks.

1900 to Present

Modernism

The promise of a better future through the style and technical attributes of 20th century thinking. Abstraction and mass production for the machine age.

1955 to 1975 AD

Brutaslism

Unrefined style that used raw concrete to reconstruct post war cities. Often seen in low-cost housing, tower blocks, shopping centres and government buildings.

1960 to 1970

Metabolism

Japanese movement in which future cities become living organisms.

1970 to present

High-tech

Metal and glass dominated buildings that use the latest technologies to expose the internal structure of a building.

1972 to Present

Postmodernism

Reactive movement of architecture that embodies the disillusion felt about modernism in late 1960s. It brought back an emphasis to the facade of a building with the use of historical and more interesting elements.

21st Century

Neo-Modernism

Reactive architecture that tries to simplify the complexity of postmodern architecture.