Architecture Styles
Visualise the change in styles of world architecture

Ancient Egyptian

Simple stone and brick dwellings upto impressive pyramids

Classical Greek

Geometric arrangements of columns and beams, often decorated with elaborate forms.


Constantinople based eclectic architecture, with domes often as the centrepiece.


Following Classical Greek and now including domes, arches, mosaics and concrete.


Revival of Mediterranean architecture by the Holy Roman Empire. Characterized by round arches, narrow openings and load-bearing walls.


Architecture that followed the rise of Islam in Arabia. It spread from southern Spain to North Africa, the Middle East and Asia.


Buildings of great height, recognised by their pointed arches, ribbed vaults and flying buttresses.


A wide-reaching rebirth of the arts, from architecture to sculpture and painting. Buildings contained geometric shapes, arches, domes and columns.


Architecture inspired by previous styles, most notably Roman, Classical Greek, Gothic and Palladianism.


Extravagant architecture that developed Classicism into a more creative and experimental style. It used ellipses, curves and complex geometries.


Exotic styles from Eastern cultures used in European architecture, from ornate features to towering minarets.


Fanciful and highly ornamental European style that formed part of the baroque movement.


European architecture that found inspiration from classical styles of antiquity.


Revival of gothic styles of windows and decoration whilst using modern materials and planning.

Arts & Crafts

Local traditions at the fore. Artistic style of building with pitched roofs, decorative brickwork, unusual chimneys, windows and materials.

Art Nouveau

A decorative style that is vibrant, colorful, playful and floral. It can be seen primarily in doors, windows and other ornamental parts of a building.


Architecture in tune with the environment. Local hand-crafted materials with nature-inspired metal and concrete.

International Style

Buildings that follow a functional and rational design. They emphasize the volume of a space rather than the mass and omit more obvious signatures of beauty like symmetry and ornaments.

Art Deco

Wide ranging style of design and architecture, known by geometric and symmetric shapes, as well as clean lines and streamlined looks.


The promise of a better future through the style and technical attributes of 20th century thinking. Abstraction and mass production for the machine age.


Unrefined style that used raw concrete to reconstruct post war cities. Often seen in low-cost housing, tower blocks, shopping centres and government buildings.


Japanese movement in which future cities become living organisms.


Metal and glass dominated buildings that use the latest technologies to expose the internal structure of a building.


Reactive movement of architecture that embodies the disillusion felt about modernism in late 1960s. It brought back an emphasis to the facade of a building with the use of historical and more interesting elements.


Reactive architecture that tries to simplify the complexity of postmodern architecture.